What is Bad Breath?

Halitosis, or bad breath, can be a serious issue, as it may cause embarrassment or sometimes even anxiety. The good news is that by taking a few easy precautions, foul breath is frequently avoidable. Sulphur-producing bacteria that often reside on the surface of the tongue and in the oral cavity are the main culprits behind halitosis (bad breath). The back of the tongue and throat can occasionally emit pungent volatile sulphur compounds (VSC) as these bacteria begin to break down proteins at a very fast pace.

What are the causes of bad breath?

Bad breath can be either a result of poor oral hygiene, gum disease or may be a sign of underlying health problems such as diabetes, kidney disease, liver disease and gastric reflux. 

Bacteria in the mouth that produce odours cause bad breath. Bacteria build up on food particles left in your mouth and the spaces between your teeth when you don’t brush and floss frequently. Your breath smells because of the sulphur compounds that these bacteria emit. Some meals, especially those with strong flavours like garlic and onions, can produce bad breath because the oils are expelled via your mouth and go into your lungs. Consuming strong-smelling drinks such as alcohol and coffee.Another big contributor to foul breath is smoking. Certain medications can cause bad breath too.

What are the symptoms of bad breath?

  • Odour producing bacteria on the tongue
  • Dry mouth.
  • Poor oral health 
  • Mucus post-nasal drip.
  • Bad breath and a stinging tongue in the morning.
  • A permanent metallic flavour that is sour and unpleasant.

Halitosis can have a significant negative effect on a person. People may withdraw or turn their heads due to unpleasant breath. Loss of self-esteem and confidence may result from this.

What is the treatment for bad breath?

Halitosis cannot be treated with a single method. The cause of the problem will determine the course of treatment. It’s important to maintain proper oral hygiene, including brushing and flossing, and to avoid dehydration. Some toothpastes, lozenges, and mouthwashes can help prevent bad breath. It could also be necessary to wipe your tongue gently but effectively. In recent years, numerous tongue brushes and scrapers have been created. Given that the rear of the tongue is the toughest to reach and has the foulest odour, it should be gently but thoroughly brushed from back to front. Utilizing a saline nasal spray on a regular basis may be beneficial for people with chronic sinusitis. It may also be helpful to take a course of an antibiotic that is powerful against anaerobic bacteria, such as metronidazole, to reduce the excess of bacteria that produce sulphur. Speak with your dentist to determine the root of your halitosis and the best course of therapy for you. 

Make sure you’re taking good care of your teeth and mouth if you’re worried about foul breath. If your foul breath persists despite thorough brushing and flossing and routine dental cleanings, you may be suffering from a medical condition. Visit your dentist at My Family Dental Clinic to find out more about your condition. Call us at 780-937-3737 to book an appointment.

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