Dental tooth extraction is simply the removal of a tooth that is infected, decayed or impacted with the help of a dental professional. After all other treatments have failed, tooth extraction is frequently the last option. Tooth extraction is a relatively quick outpatient procedure that can be done under local, general, intravenous, or a combination of anesthesia by an oral dentist surgeon.
What are the reasons for tooth extractions?
- Crowded mouth – Dentists may pull teeth to prepare the mouth for orthodontic treatment. The goal of orthodontia is to align your teeth properly, which may be difficult if your teeth are too large for your mouth. Similarly, if a tooth cannot break through the gum (erupt) due to a lack of space in the mouth, your dentist may advise pulling it.
- Infection – If tooth decay or damage reaches the pulp, the soft tissue in the tooth’s center contains nerves and blood vessels, and bacteria from the mouth can enter the pulp and cause infection. Tooth extraction is necessary to prevent the infection from spreading.
- Risk of infection – Even the risk of infection in a particular tooth may be reason enough to pull the tooth if your immune system is compromised. For instance, receiving chemotherapy or having an organ transplant.
- Periodontal (gum) disease – is a type of gum disease. If periodontal disease (infection of the tissues and bones surrounding and supporting the teeth) has resulted in tooth loosening, the tooth or teeth may need to be extracted.
What to Expect When Getting Teeth Extracted
Your dentist in Edmonton will apply a type of sedation to numb the area where the tooth will be extracted before pulling it. Your dentist may use a strong general anesthetic in some cases to keep you from feeling pain all over your body and allow you to sleep throughout the procedure. If the tooth is impacted, the dentist will remove the gum and bone tissue covering it, then grasp the tooth with forceps and gently rock it back and forth to loosen it from the jaw bone and ligaments holding it in place. A difficult-to-pull tooth may need to be removed in pieces in some cases.
What should you do after tooth extraction?
Your Edmonton dentist will send you home to recover after an extraction. It usually takes a few days to recover. The following tips can help you avoid pain, reduce the risk of infection, and speed up your recovery.
- Stop smoking in the meantime, as smoking can slow down the healing process.
- After the extraction, eat soft foods like soup, pudding, yogurt, or applesauce. As the extraction site heals, gradually add solid foods to your diet.
- Prop your head up with pillows if you’re lying down. It’s possible that lying flat will make the bleeding last longer.
- Continue brushing and flossing your teeth and brushing your tongue, but avoid the extraction site. It will aid in the prevention of infection.
It is important to get your tooth pulled to maintain healthy oral health, and not pulling it out may cause infections and other severe effects. Visit My Family Dental for tooth extractions. Call us at 780-937-3737 to book an appointment!